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C/C++代寫|Assignment代寫 - CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignment
時間:2020-11-25
In Assignments 8 and 9 you will complete the WLP4 compiler for which you wrote a scanner in Assignment 5, a parser in Assignment 6, and a context-sensitive analyzer in Assignment 7. For each problem, you will write a MIPS code generator for an increasingly larger subset of WLP4, culminating with a full WLP4-to-MIPS compiler. Each code generator will be a Racket or C++ program that takes as input a .wlp4i file and, if it conforms to the context-sensitive syntax of WLP4, produces as output a MIPS .asm file that may be assembled with cs241.binasm (or cs241.linkasm for Assignment 8 Problem 4 onwards) and then executed with mips.twoints or mips.array. For Assignments 8 and 9, you should start with your context-sensitive analyzer from Assignment 7. However, all of the test inputs for Assignments 8 and 9 will be valid WLP4 programs. Therefore, if you did not complete Assignment 7 to reject all invalid WLP4 programs, you can still use your partial solution as a starting point for Assignments 8 and 9. In particular, if your program passes all tests for Assignment 7 Problems 1 to 4, you should have no issues doing Assignments 8 and 9. Even if you do not pass all tests, you may still be fine provided you pass all secret tests, and the non-secret tests you fail only involve invalid programs. Additionally, for Assignment 8 and Assignment 9 Problems 1 and 2, the only part of Assignment 7 you need is the symbol table (Assignment 7 Problem 1). However, to complete the rest of Assignment 9, you will need a working solution for Assignment 7 Problems 1 through 4. Testing You must test your code generator yourself in Linux. To test your code generator, you will need .wlp4i files as generated by the parser specified in A6P5. In case you do not wish to use your own parser, you can use one that we have provided. Invoke it using the command wlp4parse. Starting from a .wlp4 source file, the complete sequence of commands to generate MIPS machine language and run it is: wlp4scan < foo.wlp4 > foo.scanned wlp4parse < foo.scanned > foo.wlp4i 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 2/9 racket wlp4gen.rkt < foo.wlp4i > foo.asm cs241.binasm < foo.asm > foo.mips mips.twoints foo.mips OR mips.array foo.mips OR wlp4scan < foo.wlp4 > foo.scanned wlp4parse < foo.scanned > foo.wlp4i ./wlp4gen < foo.wlp4i > foo.asm cs241.binasm < foo.asm > foo.mips mips.twoints foo.mips OR mips.array foo.mips This can be abbreviated to cat foo.wlp4 | wlp4scan | wlp4parse | racket wlp4gen.rkt | cs241.binasm > foo.mips mips.twoints foo.mips OR cat foo.wlp4 | wlp4scan | wlp4parse | ./wlp4gen | cs241.binasm > foo.mips mips.twoints foo.mips The above can be made much easier to do with a shell script. Marmoset Notes For each question, Marmoset has public and release tests, and often has secret tests as well. When you release test a submission, Marmoset will only report on public and release tests. No information about secret tests will be visible until after the assignment deadline. Although the inputs for these assignments are WLP4I files, Marmoset will not show you WLP4I files in the test results because they are large and hard to read. Marmoset will show you WLP4 source code. You will have to run the WLP4 programs Marmoset shows you through wlp4scan and wlp4parse to produce WLP4I files that you can test with, as explained above. Since each problem builds upon the previous problems, you can submit the same program to every problem, provided it implements the required functionality for every problem. If your program outputs the string ERROR to standard error for a test case, Marmoset will assume your compiler rejected the input program and you will fail the test. Since all inputs are valid for these assignments, there is never a reason for your compiler to output ERROR. If you are not confident in your solution to Assignment 7, you may wish to remove the error checking functionality so that you do not incorrectly reject programs. Marmoset tests for Assignment 8 and Assignment 9 are not available yet. A post will be made on Piazza once they are available. The mark distribution for the problems will be released once the Marmoset tests are up. Problem 1 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Write a code generator for correct WLP4 programs that conform to the syntax rules: 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 3/9 start → BOF procedures EOF procedures → main main → INT WAIN LPAREN dcl COMMA dcl RPAREN LBRACE dcls statements RETURN expr SEMI RBRACE type → INT dcls → dcl → type ID statements → expr → term term → factor factor → ID You may assume that the test input is a valid WLP4 program that satisfies the context-sensitive syntax of WLP4, and whose derivation contains only the above production rules. Note: The only thing a WLP4 program conforming to this syntax can do is return the value of one of its parameters. Your MIPS output should assume that the parameter values are in $1 and $2 respectively, and return the result in $3. Problem 2 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your solution for Problem 1 to handle inputs whose context-free syntax conforms to the rules for Problem 1, and in addition: factor → LPAREN expr RPAREN Problem 3 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules for Problems 1 and 2, and in addition: expr → expr PLUS term expr → expr MINUS term term → term STAR factor term → term SLASH factor term → term PCT factor factor → NUM That is, you are to implement expressions with integer constants and the operators {+, -, *, /, %} You do not need to worry about integer overflow for this problem. In particular, for multiplication, you should use mflo to get the result and ignore the value in the hi register. Problem 4 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules for Problems 1 to 3, and in addition: statements → statements statement statement → PRINTLN LPAREN expr RPAREN SEMI That is, you are to implement the println statement. 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 4/9 You may use the provided print.merl module to implement the println statement. You must download this file from the link in the previous sentence and transfer it to your Linux environment account – it is not accessed using source /u/cs241/setup. Using wget will not work, because the file is restricted and you need to log in to your student account to access it. (If you are unable to access this file and you are enrolled in the course, make a private Piazza post about the issue.) The output from your compiler should now and henceforth be an assembly source file containing the line: .import print The .import directive lets you use a procedure from an external file via linking. You can assemble such a file with cs241.linkasm instead of cs241.binasm. This will generate a MERL file. You should link this file with the library print.merl that we provide, using the command cs241.linker. This library contains a procedure labelled print, which outputs a decimal representation of the number passed to it in register $1. For example, you could assemble, link, and run the output of your code generator using the following commands: cs241.linkasm < yourCompilersAssemblyLanguageOutput.asm > output.merl cs241.linker output.merl print.merl > linked.merl cs241.merl 0 < linked.merl > final.mips mips.twoints final.mips The cs241.merl command converts the linked MERL file to plain MIPS code, stripping out the relocation and linking metadata and relocating the program to run at address 0. This is not really necessary right now, but the memory allocation code you will use in Assignment 9 does not work correctly if MERL metadata is present. Problem 5 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle variable declarations and assignment statements. Your solution should handle WLP4 programs whose syntax conforms to the rules given in Problems 1 to 4, and in addition: dcls → dcls dcl BECOMES NUM SEMI statement → lvalue BECOMES expr SEMI lvalue → ID lvalue → LPAREN lvalue RPAREN Problem 6 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Problems 1 to 5 and in addition: test → expr LT expr statement → WHILE LPAREN test RPAREN LBRACE statements RBRACE That is, you are to implement while loops whose continuation condition is expressed with "<". 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 5/9 Problem 7 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Problems 1 to 6 and in addition: test → expr EQ expr test → expr NE expr test → expr LE expr test → expr GE expr test → expr GT expr That is, you are to implement the other five comparison relations. Problem 8 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Problems 1 to 7 and in addition: statement → IF LPAREN test RPAREN LBRACE statements RBRACE ELSE LBRACE statements RBRACE This includes all WLP4 programs that do not involve pointers or procedures. Click here to go back to the top of Assignment 8. CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignment 9 Assignments for CS 241 ↑ Assignment 8 Assignment 9 → Assignment 10 Friday, November 27th at 5:00 pmMonday, November 30th at 5:00 pm Monday, December 7th at 11:59 pm Monday, December 18th at 11:59 pm P1 ? P2 ? P3 ? P4 ? P5 ? P6 ? Bonus Problem 1 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Assignment 8 and in addition: type → INT STAR dcls → dcls dcl BECOMES NULL SEMI factor → NULL factor → AMP lvalue factor → STAR factor lvalue → STAR factor Additionally, pointer-type expressions should be allowed to appear in the following rules: 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 6/9 test → expr EQ expr test → expr NE expr For this problem and the following two problems, we will not be doing any pointer comparisons other than equality (==) or inequality (!=). Additionally, we will not be doing any pointer arithmetic; you may assume all expressions involving PLUS and MINUS only have integer operands. This problem includes WLP4 programs that involve pointers, but do not do dynamic memory allocation, pointer arithmetic, or pointer comparisons other than equality or inequality. Note: Although the C++ standard leaves the result of dereferencing a null pointer undefined, we require that dereferencing NULL must crash the MIPS machine. You may fail some Marmoset tests if dereferencing NULL does not cause a crash. Problem 2 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Assignment 8, Assignment 9 Problem 1, and in addition: factor → NEW INT LBRACK expr RBRACK statement → DELETE LBRACK RBRACK expr SEMI The restrictions on pointer arithmetic and comparisons from Problem 1 still apply. That is, this problem includes WLP4 programs that do dynamic memory allocation, but do not do pointer arithmetic or pointer comparisons other than equality or inequality. We provide a module alloc.merl that implements a memory allocator, which you should use to implement the new and delete statements. You must download this file from the link in the previous sentence and transfer it to your Linux environment account – it is not accessed using source /u/cs241/setup. Using wget will not work, because the file is restricted and you need to log in to your student account to access it. (If you are unable to access this file and you are enrolled in the course, make a private post on Piazza about the issue.) Note that alloc.merl must be linked last. The memory allocator contains three MIPS procedures: init, new, and delete. You must import each procedure individually (by writing .import init, .import new, and .import delete on three separate lines, rather than simply .import alloc). The init procedure must be called once at the beginning of your generated program before any calls to new or delete. If the first parameter to wain is of type int* (i.e., the generated code will be passed an array), then the size of this array must be in register $2 when init is called. Note that mips.array already puts the size of the array in register $2, so you only need to make sure that your generated code does not change $2 before it calls init. If the first parameter to wain is of type int, then register $2 must contain the value 0 (zero) when init is called. 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 7/9 The new procedure produces in register $3 the address of the beginning of a contiguous sequence of n words of memory, where n is the value passed in register $1 when the procedure was called. If new fails in the allocation, it will return 0. Your generated code should return NULL if new fails, rather than 0, since 0 is a valid memory address. The delete procedure frees for reuse the block of memory whose address is passed in register $1 when the procedure is called. The address passed to delete must be an address that was earlier returned from new, and has not since already been passed to delete. You do not need to enforce this at compile time; it is the programmer's job to make sure that they use delete properly. However, note that passing NULL to delete is valid in C++ and the result is that nothing happens (no call to delete is made); your generated code should mimic this behaviour. Marmoset uses a modified version of this memory allocator that prints debugging information to verify that you are calling init, new and delete correctly. Thus even if your program produces the correct output, it may not pass the Marmoset tests if you are not calling init, new and delete at the correct points with the correct argument values. From now on, remember to use the cs241.merl command to remove MERL metadata from your program before executing it. Otherwise, heap allocation may overwrite part of the input array when used with mips.array. This is how you should assemble and link your compiler output from now on: cs241.linkasm < yourCompilersAssemblyLanguageOutput.asm > output.merl cs241.linker output.merl print.merl alloc.merl > linked.merl cs241.merl 0 < linked.merl > final.mips Problem 3 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Assignment 8, Assignment 9 Problems 1 and 2, and in addition, allow for pointer-type expressions to appear in the following rules: expr → expr PLUS term expr → expr MINUS term The restrictions on pointer comparisons from Problem 1 still apply. That is, this problem includes WLP4 programs that do pointer arithmetic but do not do pointer comparisons other than equality or inequality. You may wish to read the "Note" in Problem 4 below before doing this problem. It may affect how you decide to implement pointer arithmetic. Problem 4 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Assignment 8, Assignment 9 Problems 1-3, and in addition, allow for pointer- type expressions to appear in the following rules: 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 8/9 test → expr LT expr test → expr LE expr test → expr GE expr test → expr GT expr This problem includes all WLP4 programs consisting of only the main procedure wain. Note: To properly test pointer comparisons, some of the test programs will use pointer arithmetic expressions that would be undefined in the context of C++. For example, if p is a pointer to an array of size n, we might use expressions of the form p+i where i is an integer greater than n. While this is undefined behaviour in C++, in WLP4 we define it as follows: if p points to address a, then p+i points to address (a+4*i) mod 232. The mod 232 part is to account for integer overflow if the resulting address is greater than 2 32-1. The tests will not use pointer arithmetic expressions involving NULL, only ones involving pointers to arrays in memory. Furthermore, the tests for this problem will not dereference pointers that point outside the bounds of an array. Problem 5 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to handle WLP4 programs whose syntax is described by the production rules in Assignment 8, Assignment 9 Problems 1-4, and in addition: procedures → procedure procedures procedure → INT ID LPAREN params RPAREN LBRACE dcls statements RETURN expr SEMI RBRACE params → factor → ID LPAREN RPAREN This problem includes all WLP4 programs in which all procedures other than wain take no arguments. Problem 6 (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Extend your WLP4 compiler to add support for procedures with a non-zero number of parameters: params → paramlist paramlist → dcl paramlist → dcl COMMA paramlist Your compiler should now handle the full WLP4 language. Bonus Problem (filename: wlp4gen.rkt or wlp4gen.cc) Modify your WLP4 compiler to reduce the size of the MIPS program that it generates for a particular WLP4 program (that is, the size in bytes of the binary MIPS program after it is assembled, not the number of lines or number of bytes in the assembly code that your compiler outputs). Although there exists a minimal MIPS program for a given WLP4 program, determining such a program is in general an undecidable problem. Submissions that generate a MIPS program which is less than 180 000 bytes will get a small amount of bonus marks on top of their Assignment 9 grade. 2020/11/23 CS 241 — Fall 2020 — Assignments 8 and 9 http://student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs241/a8/ 9/9 A scoreboard of everyone's best submission for the bonus is available. The list is anonymized but if you choose to enter, you can see how you are doing compared to others in the class. Click here to go back to the top of Assignment 9.

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