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SQL代寫|數據庫代寫|Assignment代寫 - COMP3311 20T3 Assignment 2
時間:2020-11-01
Aims This assignment aims to give you practice in reading and understanding a moderately large relational schema (MyMyUNSW) implementing SQL queries and views to satisfy requests for information implementing PLpgSQL functions to aid in satisfying requests for information The goal is to build some useful data access operations on the MyMyUNSW database, which contains a wealth of information about what happens at UNSW. One aim of this assignment is to use SQL queries (packaged as views) to extract such information. Another is to build PlpgSQL functions that can support higher-level activities, such as might be needed in a Web interface. A theme of this assignment is "dirty data". As I was building the database, using a collection of reports from UNSW's information systems and the database for the academic proposal system (MAPPS), I discovered that there were some inconsistencies in parts of the data (e.g. duplicate entries in the table for UNSW buildings, or students who were mentioned in the student data, but had no enrolment records, and, worse, enrolment records with marks and grades for students who did not exist in the student data). I removed most of these problems as I discovered them, but no doubt missed some. Some of the exercises below aim to uncover such anomalies; please explore the database and let me know if you find other anomalies. Summary Submission: Login to Course Web Site > Assignments > Assignment 2 > [Submit] > upload ass2.sql or, on a CSE server, give cs3311 ass2 ass2.sql Required Files: ass2.sql (contains both SQL views and PLpgSQL functions) Deadline: 15:00 Monday 2 November Marks: 16 marks toward your total mark for this course Late Penalty: 0.1 marks off the ceiling mark for each hour late How to do this assignment: read this specification carefully and completely create a directory for this assignment copy the supplied files into this directory login to grieg and run your PostgreSQL server load the database and start exploring complete the tasks below by editing ass2.sql submit ass2.sql via WebCMS or give 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 2/8 Details of the above steps are given below. Note that you can put the files wherever you like; they do not have to be under your /srvr directory. You also edit your SQL files on hosts other than grieg. The only time that you need to use grieg is to manipulate your database. Introduction All Universities require a significant information infrastructure in order to manage their affairs. This typically involves a large commercial DBMS installation. UNSW's student information system sits behind the MyUNSW web site. MyUNSW provides an interface to a PeopleSoft enterprise management system with an underlying Oracle database. This back-end system (Peoplesoft/Oracle) is sometimes called NSS. The specific version of PeopleSoft that we use is called Campus Solutions. Despite its successes, however, MyUNSW/NSS still has a number of deficiencies, including: no easy way to swap classes once enrolled no representation for degree program structures poor integration with the UNSW Online Handbook The first point is inconvenient, since it means that the only way for a student to change tute classes is to drop the course and re-enrol into the course, selecting th new tute. If the course is already full, students would be unwilling to drop the course in case someone else grabs their place before they can re-enrol. The second point prevents MyUNSW/NSS from being used for three important operations that would be extremely helpful to students in managing their enrolment: finding out how far they have progressed through their degree program, and what remains to be completed checking what are their enrolment options for next semester (e.g. get a list of "suggested" courses) determining when they have completed all of the requirements of their degree program and are eligible to graduate In this assignment, you will be working with two instances of a database to hold information about academic matters at UNSW. The first database instance contains data from 2000 to 2015. The second database instance will contain data from 2014 to 2019. Note that all People data about students, and much of the People data about staff is synthetic. Doing this Assignment The following sections describe how to carry out this assignment. Some of the instructions must be followed exactly; others require you to exercise some discretion. The instructions are targetted at people doing the assignment on Grieg. If you plan to work on this assignment at home on your own computer, you'll need to adapt the instructions to "local conditions". If you're doing your assignment on the CSE machines, some commands must be carried out on grieg, while others can (and probably should) be done on a CSE machine other than grieg. In the examples below, we'll use grieg$ to indicate that the comand must be done on grieg and cse$ to indicate that it can be done elsewhere. Setting Up The first step in setting up this assignment is to set up a directory to hold your files for this assignment. cse$ mkdir /my/dir/for/ass2 cse$ cd /my/dir/for/ass2 cse$ cp /home/cs3311/web/20T3/assignments/ass2/ass2.sql ass2.sql Note that the database dump is quite large. It's not worth copying it into your assignment directory on the CSE servers, because you only need to read it once to build your database (see below). If you're working at home, you will need to copy it onto your home machine to load the database. 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 3/8 The next step is to set up your database: ... login to Grieg and source env as usual ... grieg$ dropdb mymy ... if you already had such a database grieg$ createdb mymy grieg$ bzcat /home/cs3311/web/20T3/assignments/ass2/mymy1.dump.bz2 | psql mymy grieg$ psql mymy ... examine the database contents ... The database loading should take less than 60 seconds on Grieg, assuming that Grieg is not under heavy load. (If you leave your assignment until the last minute, loading the database on Grieg will be considerably slower, thus delaying your work even more. The solution: at least load the database Right Now, even if you don't start using it for a while.) (Note that the mymyunsw.dump file is 50MB in size; copying it under your home directory or your srvr/ directory is not a good idea). If you have other large databases under your PostgreSQL server on Grieg or you have large files under your /srvr/YOU/ directory, it is possible that you will exhaust your Grieg disk quota. In particular, you will not be able to store two copies of the MyMyUNSW database under your Grieg server. The solution: remove any existing databases before loading your MyMyUNSW database. If you're running PostgreSQL at home, the file ass2.zip contains copies of the files: mymy1.dump.bz2, ass2.sql to get you started. You can grab the check1.sql script separately, once it becomes available. If you copy ass2.zip to your home computer, unzip it, and perform commands analogous to the above, you should have a copy of the MyMyUNSW database that you can use at home to do this assignment. Think of some questions you could ask on the database (e.g. like the ones in the Online Problem- solving Sessions) and work out SQL queries to answer them. One useful query is mymy=# select * from dbpop(); This will give you a list of tables and the number of tuples in each. Some tables are empty, and are not relevant to this assignment. They are included for the sake of "completeness", i.e. to show what kinds of data might be stored in a real database to replace MyUNSW/NSS. Your Tasks Answer each of the following questions by typing SQL or PLpgSQL into the ass2.sql file. You may find it convenient to work on each question in a temporary file, so that you don't have to keep loading all of the other views and functions each time you change the one you're working on. Note that you can add as many auxuliary views and functions to ass2.sql as you want. However, make sure that everything that's required to make all of your views and functions work ends up in the ass2.sql file before you submit. Q1 (1 mark) Define an SQL view Q1(unswid,name) that gives the student id and name of any student who has studied more than 65 courses at UNSW. The name should be take from the People.name field for the student, and the student id should be taken from People.unswid. Q2 (2 marks) Define an SQL view Q2(nstudents,nstaff,nboth) which produces a table with a single row containing counts of: the total number of students (who are not also staff) the total number of staff (who are not also students) 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 4/8 the total number of people who are both staff and student Q3 (2 marks) Define an SQL view Q3(name,ncourses) that prints the name of the person(s) who has been lecturer- in-charge (LIC) of the most courses at UNSW and the number of courses they have been LIC for. In the database, the LIC has the role of "Course Convenor". Q4 (2 marks) For the mymy1 database instance ... Define SQL view Q4a(id,name) which gives the student IDs and names of all students enrolled in in the old Computer Science (3978) degree in 05s2. For the mymy2 database instance ... Define an SQL view Q4b(id,name) which gives the student IDs and names of all students enrolled in in the Computer Science (3778) degree in 17s1. Note: the student IDs are the UNSW id's (i.e. student numbers) defined in the People.unswid field. Each of the views will return an empty result in the database for which it was not designed. Q5 (3 marks) Define an SQL view Q5(name) which gives the faculty with the maximum number of committees. Include in the count for each faculty, both faculty-level committees and also the committees under the schools within the faculty. You can use the facultyOf() function to help with this (the function is already available in the database). You can assume that committees are defined only at the faculty and school level. Use the OrgUnits.name field as the faculty name. Q6 (1 mark) Define an SQL function (SQL, not PLpgSQL) called Q6(id integer) that takes as parameter either a People.id value (i.e. an internal database identifier) or a People.unswid value (i.e. a UNSW student ID), and returns the name of that person. If the id value is invalid, return NULL as the result. You can assume that People.id and People.unswid values come from disjoint sets, so you should never return multiple names. (It turns out that the sets aren't quite disjoint, but I won't test any of the cases where the id/unswid sets overlap) The function must use the following interface: create or replace function Q6(id integer) returns text ... Q7 (2 marks) Define an SQL function (not PLpgSQL) called Q7(subject text) that takes as parameter a UNSW subject code (e.g. 'COMP1917') and returns a list of all offerings of the subject for which a Course Convenor is known. Note that this means just the Course Convenor role, not Course Lecturer or any other role associated with the course. Also, if there happen to be several Course Convenors, they should all be returned (in separate tuples). If there is no Course Convenor registered for a particular offering of the course, then that course offering should not appear in the result. The function must use the following interface: create or replace function Q7(subject text) returns table (subject text, term text, convenor text) 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 5/8 The course field in the result tuples should be the UNSW course code (i.e. that same thing that was used as the parameter). If the parameter does not correspond to a known UNSW course, then simply return an empty result set. Q8 (5 marks) Define a PLpgSQL function Q8(zid integer), which takes a student id and produces a transcript as a table of TranscriptRecords. Each transcript record should contain information about the student's attempt at a course. Records should appear ordered by term; within a term, they should be ordered by subject code. Use the following definition for the transcript tuples: create type TranscriptRecord as ( code char(8), -- UNSW-style course code (e.g. COMP1021) term char(4), -- semester code (e.g. 98s1) prog char(4), -- program being studied in this semester name text, -- shortened name of the course's subject mark integer, -- numeric mark acheived grade char(2), -- grade code (e.g. FL,UF,PS,CR,DN,HD) uoc integer -- units of credit available for the course ); Note that this type is already defined in the database. All subject names should be truncated to 20 characters (hint: use PostgreSQL's substr() function). If no mark or grade is available for a course, set those fields as null in the TranscriptRecord. Only display a UOC value if the student actually passed the course (i.e. has a grade from the set {SY, PT, PC, PS, CR, DN, HD, A, B, C}) or has an XE grade (for credit from exchange) or a T grade (transferred credit) or a PE grade (professional experience) or a RC or RS grade (research courses)). Otherwise, leave the uoc field as null. A null grade or any grade other than those just mentioned should not be treated as a pass. At the end of the transcript, add an extra TranscriptRecord which contains (null, null, null, 'Overall WAM/UOC', wamValue, null, UOCpassed) where the wamValue and UOCpassed are computed as follows: wamValue = weightedSumOfMarks / totalUOCattempted UOCpassed = sum of UOC for all subjects passed totalUOCattempted = sum of UOC for all subjects in transcript weightedSumOfMarks = sum of mark*UOC for all subjects in transcript Do not include in the WAM calculations any course that has a null grade. If a course has a null mark but has a SY or XE T or PE grade, include the UOC in the UOCpassed only. Round the WAM value to the nearest integer. If no courses have been completed, add the following tuple at the end of the transcript: (null, null, null, 'No WAM available', null, null, null) If a student switches degrees part-way through their study, just treat the transcript as all being related to a single program. Even if they credit transferred from the first to the second program (entries with a T grade) just count them all towards the total UOC. How can you find interesting transcripts to look at? The answer is to think of some properties of a transcript that might make it interesting, and then ask a query to get information about any students who 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 6/8 have these kinds of transcripts. I used the following query to find some students. Work out what it does and then try variations to find other kinds of "interesting" students: select p.unswid,pr.code,termName(min(pe.term)),count(*) from People p join Program_enrolments pe on (pe.student=p.id) join Programs pr on (pe.program=pr.id) where pr.code like '3%' group by p.unswid,pr.code having count(*) > 5; Q9 (5 marks) An important part of defining academic rules in MyMyUNSW is the ability to define groups of academic objects (e.g. groups of subjects, streams or programs) In MyMyUNSW, groups can be defined in three different ways: enumerated by giving a list of objects in a X_members table pattern by giving a pattern that identifies all relevant objects query by storing an SQL query which returns a set of object ids In all cases, the result is a set of academic objects of a specific type (given in the gtype attribute). Write a PLpgSQL function Q8(gid integer) that takes the internal ID of an academic object group and returns the codes for all members of the academic object group, including any child groups. Associated with each code should be the type of the corresponding object, either subject, stream or program. You should return distinct codes (i.e. ignore multiple versions of any object), and there is no need to check whether the academic object is still being offered. The function is defined as follows: create or replace function Q9(gid integer) returns setof AcObjRecord where AcObjRecord is already defined in the database as follows: create type AcObjRecord as ( objtype text, -- academic object's type e.g. subject, stream, program objcode text -- academic object's code e.g. COMP3311, SENGA1, 3978 ); Groups of academic objects are defined in the tables: acad_object_groups(id, name, gtype, glogic, gdefby, negated, parent, definition) where the most important fields are: gtype ... what kind of objects in the group gdefby ... how the group is defined definition ... where queries or patterns are given program_group_members(program, ao_group) ... for enumerated program groups stream_group_members(stream, ao_group) ... for enumerated stream groups subject_group_members(subject, ao_group) ... for enumerated subject groups There are a wide variety of patterns. You should explore the acad_object_groups table yourself to see what's available. To give you a head start, here are some existing patterns and what they mean: COMP2### ... any level 2 computing course (e.g. COMP2911, COMP2041) COMP[34]### ... any level 3 or 4 computing course (e.g. COMP3311, COMP4181) 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 7/8 ####1### ... any level 1 course at UNSW (COMP|SENG|BINF)2### ... any level 2 course from CSE COMP1917,COMP1927 ... core first year computing courses COMP1###,COMP2### ... same as COMP[12]### You do not need to handle any of the following types of academic object groups: any groups defined using a query (gdefby='query') any groups defined using negation (negated=true) any groups defined by a pattern which includes 'FREE', 'GEN' or 'F=' as a substring For any group like the above, simply return no reults (zero rows). You can also ignore the glogic field; treat them all as or groups. If any group has a child group containing FREE, ignore just the child group. For pattern groups, you do not need to check whether codes used in the pattern correspond to real objects in the relevant table (e.g. a pattern string may contain a subject code which does not exist in the Subjects table) Your function should be able to expand any pattern element from the above classes of patterns (i.e. pattern elements that include #, [...] and (...|...)). If patterns include {xxx;yyy;zzz} alternatives, include all of the alternatives as group members (i.e. as if they were xxx,yyy,zzz). If patterns have child patterns, include all of the acdemic objects in the child patterns. You can recognise that a group with id=X has child groups, by the existnce of other academic groups with parent=X. Hint: In order to solve this, you'll probably need to look in the PostgreSQL manual at Section 9.4 "String Functions and Operators" and Section 42.5.4 "Executing Dynamic Commands". Q10 (4 marks) Define a PLpgSQL function that takes a subject code and returns the set of all subjects that include this subject in their pre-reqs. This kind of function could help in planning what courses you could study in subsequent semesters. The function is defined as follows: create or replace function Q10(code text) returns setof text ... You only need to consider literal subject codes (e.g. COMP1234) in the pre-reqs. If a pre-req object group contains a pattern, ignore the pattern. Hint: This function can probably make use of (a variation of) the Q9() function. Submission and Testing We will test your submission as follows: create a testing subdirectory create a new database TestingDB and initialise it with mymy1.dump run the command: psql TestingDB -f ass2.sql (using your ass2.sql) load and run the tests in the check1.sql script repeat the above for mymy2.dump and check2.sql Note that there is a time-limit on the execution of queries. If any query takes longer than 3 seconds to run (you can check this using the \timing flag) your mark for that query wiil be reduced. Your submitted code must be complete so that when we do the above, your ass2.sql will load without errors. If your code does not work when installed for testing as described above and the reason for the failure is that your ass2.sql did not contain all of the required definitions, you will be penalised by a 3 mark administrative penalty. 2020/10/31 COMP3311 20T3 - Assignment 2 http://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3311/20T3/assignments/ass2/index.php 8/8 Before you submit, it would be useful to test out whether the files you submit will work by following a similar sequence of steps to those noted above.

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